Recipe for Calico Beans
aka "Alanna's Famous Cowboy Beans"

Nothing like a big ol' pot of great beans, doctored, that is. This is hearty bean dish, meaty enough for supper, but more often served as a side at potlucks. In my history, these beans are called "Calico Beans" or some times, "Cowboy Beans". Just this week I learned that they are also called "Roosevelt Beans" and are so famous at Yellowstone National Park in Wyoming (which I visited for the very first time yesterday!) that the park kitchens print out the recipe as a souvenir for park visitors!

But now I've given them another name, Alanna's Famous Cowboy Beans. That’s because this is one of my most-requested and most-anticipated recipes! I send it along to elk camp, to deer camp and serve from extra-large cast iron Dutch ovens for outdoor parties. Men especially love the beans and no kidding, beg me to send the recipe to their wives.

Calico Beans aka Alanna's Famous Cowboy Beans ♥, a potluck favorite.

"... they were very good." ~ Gary

During my vegetarian years, many Midwestern dishes confounded me. Why was meat present when none was needed? At Thanksgiving one year, save dessert, every single dish, even the broccoli salad, had bits of meat.

It’s taken eleven years of eating meat again, one book and one elk to finally, I think, answer the question.

THE BOOK Food for a Younger Land is portrait of American food culture during the American Depression from WPA writers. It’s a state-by-state uneven although occasionally fascinating book, better to get from the library, say, than to purchase. The Kansas essay described how beef was ever-present.

Aha Moment! Of course! If we live near the sea, we set traps for lobster and crab. If we live on lakes and streams, we throw in a line for walleye and trout. If we live in a place where plants grow into jungles, we learn to worship lettuce and citrus. If we live in the plains where cattle graze, we cook beef.

Or at least we used to eat like this, when a 100-Mile Diet was inconceivable because a 100-Yard Diet was sustenance.

THE ELK Last fall, I was shocked at how few coolers it took to carry home a whole Missouri farm-raised elk. Steaks and roasts? A few, but plenty. Elk tenderloin? Exactly two. Stew meat? Sure. Mostly? Pound after pound after pound of ground elk meat.

Aha Moment! Of course! Uf we have an abundance of ground meat, we tuck it into every dish we can. It’s the thrifty, resourceful and frugal way to feed a family.

Calico Beans? Who gives recipes their names and why do they stick? Tis a puzzle. What’s not a puzzle is that these doctored baked beans are a breeze to throw together and a sure-fire hit at your next barbecue, neighborhood potluck or church supper.

This recipe has been a favorite for so long, taken from a dog-eared Iowa church cookbook with a dozen similar variations, many with more bacon and ground meat, also more sugar. Over the years, I’ve dropped most of the sugar and on occasion, even throw in another can or two of beans, different kinds to live up to the "calico" name.

Kitchen Parade is written by second-generation food columnist Alanna Kellogg and features fresh, seasonal dishes for every-day healthful eating and occasional indulgences. In 2009, Kitchen Parade celebrates its 50th anniversary with a special collection of my mother's recipes. If you like this Kitchen Parade recipe, consider a free e-mail subscription. Once or twice a week when a new recipe is published, you'll be notified via e-mail. How to print a recipe on Kitchen Parade. If you like Kitchen Parade, forward this recipe to a friend who might too!


Hands-on time: 20 minutes
Time to table: 90 minutes
Makes 6 cups
  • 1/2 pound bacon, cut into small pieces
  • 1 large onion, chopped
  • 2 tablespoons water
  • 1/2 pound ground meat (beef, elk or turkey)
  • 1/4 cup (70g) ketchup
  • 1/4 cup (65g) barbecue sauce or steak sauce
  • 1/4 cup (50g) brown sugar
  • 2 tablespoons mustard (any old ballpark mustard will do)
  • 2 tablespoons molasses (mild or blackstrap, either one)
  • 1/2 teaspoon chili powder
  • 1/2 teaspoon kosher salt
  • 1/2 teaspoon black pepper
  • 16 ounces canned pork & beans
  • 16 ounces canned kidney beans
  • 16 ounces canned butter beans

Heat oven to 350F/175C.

COOK THE BACON In a large skillet or Dutch oven, cook the bacon pieces until crisp. Lift out the bacon onto paper towels to drain. Pour off all but a tablespoon of the bacon fat.

COOK THE ONIONS Add the onions, stirring to coat with fat. Deglaze the pan with water, then let the onions cook until golden. Lift the onions out to a bowl large enough to mix everything together.

COOK THE MEAT Add the ground meat and cook on medium high, breaking the meat into chunks at first, then letting it cook without stirring for several minutes, enough so that it chars slightly, creating a crust. When the meat is nearly cooked, if needed, drain off any excess fat.

COMBINE Meanwhile, assemble the remaining ingredients in the bowl with the onions. Stir in the cooked bacon and ground meat. Transfer to a casserole dish. If making ahead, cover and refrigerate until ready to bake. Let warm to room temperature before baking.

BAKE Bake for 1 hour either covered (will stay quite wet and soupy) or uncovered (will form a nice crust on top).

Good served hot or at room temperature.

ALANNA’s TIPS For vegetarian Calico Beans, omit the bacon and ground meat. Then cook the onion, perhaps a bell pepper or two, even a tomato, in a little olive oil. You’ll also want to select a vegetarian can of ‘pork’ (ahem) and beans. For a little heat, stir in a teaspoon of the adobo sauce from a can of chipotle peppers.
NUTRITION INFORMATION Per Half Cup: 261 Calories; 9g Tot Fat; g Sat Fat; 28mg Cholesterol; 814mg Sodium; 32g Carb; 7g Fiber; 10g Sugar; 13g Protein. WEIGHT WATCHERS POINTS WW Old Points 4.5, WW PointsPlus 6 This recipe has been "Alanna-sized" with reductions in meat, sugar and portion size and increases in low-calorie flavors.
Adapted from a church cookbook from Webster City, Iowa


COOKING for a CROWD This is a real crowd favorite! To cook ahead, cook and freeze the meat mixture. For four batches, I cook two batches each in side-by-side Dutch ovens, cooking the bacon, meat and onions separately. Collect these in a bowl, stir in everything else except the beans. Just before serving, combine the meat mixture and beans and bake over an open fire in a huge cast iron Dutch oven if need be, preferably next to a mountain stream, with a cool breeze whistling through the fir trees. Feed to hungry hunters with hot cornbread!

USING A SLOW COOKER It’s important to actually “cook” this dish, not just mix it and rewarm. So if you use a slow cooker, let it cook for several hours, not just rewarm.

TO DRAIN OR NOT TO DRAIN The last time I made this, I wondered about draining the beans. I take great care with detail when writing recipes, I’m just sure I’d have mentioned draining the beans if I’d done this before. So no, don’t drain the beans! But if you like, do drain the beans, I've now done it that way too.

More Healthy Bean Recipes

(hover for a description, click a photo for a recipe)
Quinoa & Black Bean Salad Greek Baked Beans (Gigantes Plaki) One-Pot Chicken with Beans & Vegetables
~ more bean recipes ~
from Kitchen Parade

~ 15-Bean Soup ~
~ Fresh Three-Bean Salad ~
~ Tuna & White Bean Dip ~
~ more bean recipes ~
from A Veggie Venture, my food blog

Shop Your Pantry First

(helping home cooks save money on groceries)

© Copyright Kitchen Parade 2009, 2014 & 2015 (repub)

Alanna Kellogg
Alanna Kellogg

A Veggie Venture is home of "veggie evangelist" Alanna Kellogg and the famous asparagus-to-zucchini Alphabet of Vegetables.


  1. These look delicious and look perfect for autumn.


  2. I wrote a column called Kitchen Korner for the Leesburg Times-Mirror. On January 4, 1973, the featured recipe was for Calico Beans, and it used pork and beans, dark red kidney beans, and green lima beans. It was actually quite pretty and I always assumed the name was because of the contrasting colors of the beans.


Post a Comment

Thank you for taking a moment to write! I read each and every comment, for each and every recipe. If you have a specific question, it's nearly always answered quick-quick. But I also love hearing your reactions, your curiosity, even your concerns! When you've made a recipe, I especially love to know how it turned out, what variations you made, what you'll do differently the next time. ~ Alanna